|47th Governor of Texas|
December 21, 2000 – January 20, 2015
|Lieutenant||Bill Ratliff (2000–2003)
David Dewhurst (2003–2015)
|Preceded by||George W. Bush|
|Succeeded by||Greg Abbott|
|39th Lieutenant Governor of Texas|
January 19, 1999 – December 21, 2000
|Governor||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Bob Bullock|
|Succeeded by||Bill Ratliff|
|9th Commissioner of Agriculture of Texas|
January 15, 1991 – January 19, 1999
George W. Bush
|Preceded by||Jim Hightower|
|Succeeded by||Susan Combs|
|Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from the 64th district
January 8, 1985 – January 8, 1991
|Preceded by||Joe Hanna|
|Succeeded by||John Cook|
|Born||James Richard Perry
March 4, 1950
Haskell, Texas, U.S.
|Political party||Democratic (Before 1989)
|Spouse(s)||Anita Perry (1982–present)|
|Alma mater||Texas A&M University|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Air Force|
|Years of service||1972–1977|
|Unit||772nd Tactical Airlift Squadron|
James Richard “Rick” Perry (born March 4, 1950) is an American politician who served as the 47th Governor of Texas from 2000 to 2015. A Republican, he was elected Lieutenant Governor of Texas in 1998 and assumed the governorship in December 2000 when then-governor George W. Bush resigned to become President of the United States. Perry is the longest serving governor in Texas state history. As a result, he is the only governor in modern Texas history to have appointed at least one person to every eligible state office, board, or commission position (as well as to several elected offices to which the governor can appoint someone to fill an unexpired term, such as six of the nine current members of the Texas Supreme Court).
Perry was elected to full gubernatorial terms in 2002, 2006 and 2010 and is the fourth Texas governor (after Allan Shivers, Price Daniel, and John Connally) to serve three terms. With a tenure in office to date of 14 years, 201 days, Perry was, at the time he left office, the second longest serving current U.S. governor—after Terry Branstad of Iowa. Perry served as chairman of the Republican Governors Association in 2008 and again in 2011.
On August 13, 2011, Perry announced in South Carolina that he was running for the Republican nomination for President of the United States in the 2012 presidential election. Perry suspended his campaign in January 2012 and eventually endorsed Republican nominee Mitt Romney.
On July 8, 2013, Perry announced that he would not seek re-election to his fourth term in the 2014 election, planning to retire instead. Unnamed sources said to be close to Perry told the National Review that Perry may focus on another White House bid for 2016.
On August 15, 2014, Perry was indicted by a grand jury on felony charges for abuse of power. He was accused of coercing a Democratic district attorney who had been convicted of drunk driving to resign by threatening to veto funding for state public corruption prosecutors. The indictment received some support and also wide criticism from all sides of the political spectrum, and editorial criticism from major US newspapers.
On June 4, 2015, he launched his 2016 US presidential campaign with a new web site and press conference in Addison, Texas.